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Abrus precatorius seed extract (Gunja, Rosary pea)

Abrus precatorius seeds are considered poisonous in Ayurveda. A detailed detoxification process is given in Ayurveda to make this plant useful for humans. The purified Abrus is a nerve stimulant and is used in vata disorders like joint pains and paralysis. The paste of seeds is applied locally in alopecia and skin diseases. It has also been mentioned as a contraceptive in Ayurveda. It promote hair growth. Seeds contain abrin, a toxalbumin, indole derivatives, anthocyanins, sterols, terpenes. Abrin causes agglutination of erythrocytes, haemolysis and enlargement of lymph glands. A nontoxic dose of abrin, isolated from the seeds, exhibited a noticeable increase in antibody-forming cells, bone marrow cellularity and alpha-esterase-positive bone marrow cells.  Seeds are used internally in affections of the nervous system and externally in skin diseases, ulcers, affections of the hair etc.


Additional information:

  • Sanskrit Name : Gunja

  • Common Name : Gunja

  • Family : Fabaceae

  • Part Plant Used : Seed

  • Solvent Used : Water

  • Storage Condition : In Double Sealed PP Bags

  • Appearance : Brown Powder

  • Organoleptic Test : Astringent Taste

  • Odor : Characteristic Odor

  • Herb Ext. Ratio : 25:1

  • Water soluble extractives as per IP 66 taking 1 gm of sample : Not less than 75%

  • Tannins by USSRP X method : Not less than 2%

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